Is the plan of redemption too violent? Is it really just a horrific tale of “cosmic child abuse”? Believe it or not, there are those who profess to be Christians who would say that it is. As always, let’s go back to the Bible and see what God has to say about the penal substitutionary atonement.
Christ—Our Substitute (Charles Spurgeon)
The Scriptural Necessity of Christ’s Penal Substitution
Penal Substitution in Church History
Penal Substitution in the Old Testament
Replacing the ‘Violent’ Cross